South Korea’s first lunar mission has begun

Telset.id, Jakarta – South Korea’s first lunar mission (South Korea) has begun. The land of ginseng launched SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket for the first time on Thursday (April 8th, 2022) local time.

South Korea’s first lunar mission delivered the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO) for a four-and-a-half-month voyage to the moon from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

As The telephone Quote from meshableOn Friday (05/08/2022) KPLO was developed in collaboration between NASA and the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, the South Korean space agency.

Its launch is an important mission not only for South Korea but also for SpaceX. SpaceX has been launching rockets for years and has never been to the moon.

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SpaceX previously used a Falcon 9 rocket to launch Israel’s Beresheet lunar lander in 2019, but ultimately failed because it hit the surface.

The launch of KPLO is a promising start. However, we will have to wait until mid-December 2022 to find out if the mission is successful.

Instead of a direct trip to the moon, KPLO will use lunar ballistic transfers to reach the target. The technology uses the gravitational pull of the sun, moon and earth.

The goal is to bring the orbiter into the orbit of the moon so that it can be caught in orbit. KPLO will use less fuel, but it will take longer.

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If successful, the mission, named Danuri, will develop technologies for lunar exploration and conduct scientific investigations such as surveying the surface environment.

KPLO will orbit the moon at an altitude of 100 kilometers for a year and then descend to 70 kilometers or less if a mission extension is decided.

The orbiter carried several scientific instruments to carry out the mission, including a magnetometer to measure magnetic fields and a gamma-ray spectrometer.

The orbiter also has a lunar terrain imager, a wide-angle polarimetric camera, and NASA’s high-sensitivity ShadowCam camera tasked with capturing the images.

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Danuri also has experiments delay/disconnect tolerant networking (DTN) for transmitting data through space. DTN is similar to the space internet.

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DTN has been successfully deployed by the International Space Station or ISS. However, this is the first time DTN has conducted a test outside of Earth orbit.

With the launch of Danuri, South Korea joins a short list of countries that have attempted to reach the moon, including the US, Russia and China. [SN/HBS]