Mobile network development from 1G to 5G

Believe it or not, now we can’t live without it smartphone? You can live, but it will be very difficult to communicate with other people. Apart from being cheaper because we can make calls and text messages without having to spend any credit, smartphone It also makes it easier for us to find food, find places, find public transportation, watch movies, listen to songs, and more. Before that, technology was as advanced as we know it smart phone, Mobile data networks have gone through a very long period of development. Find out, come!


The first generation of networking technology was introduced in the 1970s, but it was not effective until the 1980s. This network works by transmitting analog signals and can only be used for voice communication, also known as just phone calls. The signal transmission speed is only 14.4 kbps. Examples of this analog network development are AMPS (Analog Mobile Phone System) developed in America and TACS (Total Access Communication System) developed in England. Ask our brother or father, have they ever had one? mobile phone Old school brand ericsson or Motorola which looks similar walkie talkie?


This second generation network technology was introduced in the 1990s and already uses digital signals. In addition, this network can also be used to exchange text messages aka SMS (short message Services). The development of this network technology is GSM (Global system for mobile communication) and CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access). In Indonesia, the two pioneers of GSM technology are PT. Telekomsel and PT. Satelindo (Indosate). The difference between GSM and CDMA networks is greater coverage and network security. GSM has wider network coverage, but CDMA has a higher level of network security. During the second generation of communication networks, GSM only had a transmission speed of 9.6 kbps, while CDMA had a transmission speed of 154.6 kbps.

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In this second and a half generation, the data access technology can be deployed mobile phone. Originally, this data access technology was developed into a WAB (WAB).Wireless Application Protocol), but was not well received by the market. Then the data access technology evolved to GPRS (General packet data radio service), whose transmission speed reaches 115 kbps. Besides being able to connect Internet and intranetGPRS also allows users to share picture and sound via MMS (multimedia messaging service). In addition, GPRS can also be used for sending E-mailFax, also use the servicee-commerce, m-commerce, and e-banking.

Well, in the GPRS era, social media and applications already existed Chat You know, it’s very popular with young people. The most popular social media were back then friendsduring the application Chat is the most popular mIRC, Yahoo Messenger, eBuddyand Mig33. Continue if you need background funny or song, there is website whose name is


The development of the GPRS network is EDGE (Improved data rates for GSM Evolution). The data transmission speed is three times faster than GPRS and reaches 384 kbps. EDGE was first introduced by AT&T;, a United States company. Technically, EDGE already meets the 3G speed standards, but in Indonesia only a few mobile operators have developed this network.


Third generation network technology is being developed in both GSM and CDMA networks. In the GSM network, 3G became UMTS (Universal Cellular Service), while in GSM networks it is called EVDO (Evolution data optimized). Please note that the modulation technology used by UMTS WCDMA (broadband CDMA), which is exactly the term better known as UMTS. Initially, UMTS data access speed reached 480 kbps and EVDO reached 2.4 mbps. After further development, the UMTS data access speed now reaches 2 Mbit/s and EVDO 3.1 Mbit/s.

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The communication technologies that have emerged in the 3G era are: video call. In the past, it wasn’t as easy for people to use this one communication service as it is today. Because not all mobile phone can be used for video call.


Still in platform GSM mobile network, HSDPA technology emerged (High speed downlink packet access). This network is the most commonly used for activities today upload and Downloading Multimedia on the Internet. HSDPA is an additional protocol in the WCDMA system, which initially had a data transmission speed of 4.1 Mbit/s. The HSDPA transmission speed continues to grow and changes to a maximum of 14 Mbit/s (Downloading) and 22 Mbit/s (upload). Meanwhile in this third generation and a half, EVDO out platform CDMA networks are getting faster and faster and are now reaching 14.7 Mbit/s (Downloading) and 5.4 Mbit/s (upload).

Aside from being used in mobile phone, 3.5G network technology is also widely used in mobile modem to connect our laptop to the internet anywhere and anytime.


ever heard jokes about people insisting on buying a 4G internet package but still getting angry when they find out the network is LTE? Well, actually LTE (long-term development) it is itself the data network of the fourth generation. LTE speeds up to 100Mbps (Downloading) and 50 Mbit/s (upload). In this era of 4G networks, culture stream so more familiar in our daily life. In Indonesia, this fourth-generation network technology is still being developed by almost all mobile operators. Because of this, not all locations can access this 4G network.

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Fifth generation (5G) network technology is currently being developed and is expected to begin treatment in 2019 or 2020. It is estimated that this network speed will reach 10 Gbps, far exceeding the speed of LTE. So far, several countries have tested the implementation of this network. The technology that will be increasingly developed later in the 5G era is VR (Virtual reality) and AI (Artificial intelligence). Meanwhile, in Indonesia itself, we don’t know when 5G will start to be implemented. Of course, we first have to wait until the 4G network spreads evenly. Right?

In addition to the access speed, the most striking thing about the development of this mobile network is the price of the Internet packages. In GPRS era, the cheapest internet price was Rp. 1 per kb, now we can buy packs of tens of GBs at low prices. Now we usually buy data packages mobile phone As much as 1GB for a week’s allotment, in the GPRS era we can be called rich people. You see, 1MB equals 1,000KB and 1GB equals 1,000MB. That is, 1 GB equals 1 million KB. That means that in the GPRS era, we have to spend up to 1 million IDR to buy a 1GB internet package. people!