Polo is a game played on horseback. How to play it with a special racket. The name comes from the Tibetan language money what ball means.
From the beginning, this sport is a top sport and tends to be expensive. One of the things that makes it expensive is the maintenance of the horse.
Although polo used to be played by soldiers or officers as a combat simulation, it is now one of the recognized standard sports in the world.
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The history of polo from Central Asia, famous as a noble sport
The game originated in Central Asia, particularly Persia in the 6th century BC. to the 1st century AD It was originally created for cavalry units serving as bodyguards for kings or elite troops.
As Carole Hillenbrand wrote The Crusades: An Islamic PerspectivePolo was previously named Cough and played about in the meadows, shooting arrows while riding on horseback towards a gourd at the top of a high pole.
100 people used to play it like a battle sim.
In the 13th century, polo was introduced to India by Muslim explorers, only to be played by Europeans in the 17th century by British tea farmers in Assam.
Polo spread very quickly after a captain of the 10 Hussars stationed in India saw the match in early 1866 and soon formed a team between his fellow officers.
After being popularized by the military, the sport of polo also spread to elite circles such as the nobility. The United States Polo Association was not formed until 1890 to unify its rules.
Field size and equipment required
The following is determining the size of the field and the equipment required by the players.
field size outside
- Length: 270 m
- Width: 150 m
field area inside
stick size (polo bat) or hammer
- Length: 23.5cm
- Weight: 160-240 grams
Other equipment needed
- Seat (Saddle) on the horse
- helmet and knee pads
- Reserve pony
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The rules of the game in polo
These are the rules of the game that every player must know.
- Each team consists of four players, each carrying a racquet (polo bat or Hammer) to handle the ball.
- The sport begins with a coin toss. The team that wins the lottery can attack first.
- The goal is considered valid when the ball passes the goal marked with the goalkeeper’s flag.
- After a gate is created, the position of the gate is changed again.
- The game can last for seven minutes, which is called chukka The total game can last between 4-6 chukka
- The player in position 1 is referred to as the attacker, like a soccer striker. His main task is to get the ball in the goal.
- Player position 2 also takes the position of the attacker, whose job is to support player 1. His position tends to be backward compared to Player 1.
- Players in position 3 are usually filled with the best players on the team and their job is to attack and defend. Player 3 is also responsible for hitting the ball accurately forward to make it easy for player 1 or player 2.
- Players in position 4 are defenders and their job is to stop the team’s goal from conceding the opponent.
- Players are allowed to hit body direction against the opponent’s body. This method is called bump. Players can also resist the movement of the opponent’s racquet stick with their own racquet stick to be able to stop the opponent’s attack.
Important terms in polo
Now that you understand the story and the rules of the game, here are the important terms in it.
- line of the ball: the line capable of hitting the ball and its goal. The line of the ball must not be crossed during the stroke process as this will result in a stroke foul.
- Bump: A player may ride another player to damage his shot or take him out of play. The contact angle should not exceed 45 degrees.
- bowl clean: When the referee starts or resumes play by rolling the ball to the center of the player’s line.
- interval: a three-minute break in between chukka.
- throat shot: The ball hit under the pony’s neck.
- Hit right: Hit the ball to the right while approaching the defender.
- ride away: Two players can make contact and push each other out of line to prevent the other player from hitting the ball.
- play diagonal: move to the right side of the field to allow a teammate to pass the ball. In some cases, when the left side is open, the ball can also be passed to the left, the ball moves diagonally.
- foul: When a player infringes the rights of another player, it is an infringement. Some of the most common violations are; Get on another player’s horse, hook over your shoulder, play on the wrong side of the horse and get in the way of the ball.
So the explanation of the sport of polo. Hopefully it can add insight.