History, basic techniques, game rules and important terms

Aikido is a martial art that originated in Japan. It is less about strength and speed, but more about technical perfection and self-control and using the power of the opponent.

Aikido comes from three words hey, ki, and do. To have means harmony or harmony, to means the center of energy, spirit and doing what means the way.

This martial art emphasizes the harmony between the energy within a person and the energy in the universe.

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It is a symbol of the modernization of Japanese thought with traditional culture

Aikido: history, basic techniques, rules of the game and important terms

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Aikido was first introduced by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), who was nicknamed “O Sensi” or “great teacher”.

Aikido is largely derived from Daito-ryu Aiki-Jujutsu and is combined with various types of martial arts such as Tenjin Shinyo-ryu and Yagyu Shingan-ryu.

In 1902 Morehei Ueshiba went to Tokyo after giving up his job. Morehei Ueshiba then studied jujutsu and kenjutsu, which became the philosophical foundation of aikido.

In March 1912, Morohei Ueshiba moved to Shirataki and met Takeda Sokaku, a great teacher of Daito-ryu Aiki-jujutsu. These different backgrounds became the basis for the development of Aikido for Morehei Ueshiba.

Morehei Ueshiba founded a martial arts school under the name Ueshiba Ryu Daito Aiki Jutsu, which later changed its name to Aiki Budo and eventually became Aikido.

The first Aikido dojo was founded in Tokyo and is still considered the center of Aikido around the world under the name Aikikai Hombu Dojo.

Aikido in Indonesia was first introduced in 1984 by the Indonesian Aikikai Foundation (YIA). In addition, the Indonesian Aikido Martial Arts Foundation (KBAI) was established in 1994.

Basic Aikido techniques and explanations

Aikido: history, basic techniques, rules of the game and important terms

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The basic techniques in Aikido consist of:

  • Ikkyo namely the technique of controlling the opponent by using one hand on the elbow and the other hand near the wrist.
  • Nikyo namely a locking technique by locking the wrist which must move the arm.
  • sankyo i.e. a rotating wrist lock that creates tension in the shoulders, elbows and arms when facing an opponent.
  • Yonkyo is a technique that focuses on controlling the shoulder by using both hands while grabbing the opponent’s forearm.
  • gonkyo namely, the reverse grip motion on the opponent’s wrist
  • tennis age namely, a low swinging motion of an opponent’s hand with the aim of destroying the opponent’s balance so that the opponent can be knocked down.
  • cokyunage i.e. a move that focuses on grabbing an opponent without locking them in and then knocking them out.
  • Kotegaishi is a movement characterized by the release of wrist locks that straighten the extensor digitorum
  • shihonage namely, moving the folding arms over the shoulders and then locking the opponent’s shoulder joints. This is done to achieve the four-way throw that is at the heart of this technique.

The basic techniques of this martial art are influenced by several other techniques, namely:

  • Yari jutsu (Toya Sword Technique)
  • kenjutsu (sword technique)
  • Jujutsu closure techniques, particularly the sokaku-takeda style
  • Kodokan Judo Slam Technique by Jigoro Kano

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Rules in Aikido Match

Aikido: history, basic techniques, rules of the game and important terms

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Aikido martial arts are not like martial arts in general. In Aikido there is no contest and competition.

This is in line with the philosophy of O-Sensei (the great teacher) that victory is achieved when we can overcome the desires, thoughts, prejudices and bad behavior within ourselves.

However, there are some rules that must be followed, namely:

  • Come to training earlier than the set schedule.
  • All members must be seated in the same position seiza (kneeling) during the exercise, if you are not strong, please sit down he buys (crossed).
  • Don’t eat while exercising.
  • Don’t be lazy while practicing in the dojo.
  • Do not interrupt when the instructor gives instructions.
  • Ask the instructor for permission when leaving the practice area.
  • In it, the positive values ​​must be upheld.

Important terms of Aikido martial arts

History, basic techniques, game rules and important terms

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Here are some important terms in it.

  • dojo: place to practice.
  • Gi: training uniform.
  • seiza: sitting position.
  • uke: the person who attacked.
  • gnawing : Person attacked.
  • Ken-suburi: sword training.
  • Jo-dosa: stick training.
  • Tachi-dori: Defense technique against the sword.
  • Jo-Dori: Defense technique against sticks.
  • Tanto Dori: Defense technique against knives.

This is a review of Aikido. Hopefully this sport will continue to grow in the world.

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